By Maybin Mumba, Monitoring and Evaluation Program Manager, NASTAD Zambia, and Anna Carroll, Associate, Global Program, NASTAD
Zambia has one of the most severe HIV epidemics in the world, with an estimated adult prevalence of 12.7%. Over one million people are living with HIV in Zambia today. Despite these stark figures, the country has made significant progress in combatting the disease. The national adult prevalence has decreased steadily since 2000, from 15.3% to the current 12.7%, and significant strides have been made in the prevention of new infections and the provision of anti-retroviral therapies. Continue reading
By Anna Carroll, Associate, Global Program, NASTAD
“So here are these two countries in the Caribbean, both pursuing a similar study, both benefitting from CDC funding, and both having the opportunity to really reflect on the commonalities and the differences in our experiences. So I think this was very, very powerful. There was not one person giving here at all, but we were all giving and taking and learning and moving.” – Tracie Rogers, NASTAD Study Lead in Trinidad and Tobago Continue reading
By Dr Nadjy Joseph, PMTCT Surveillance Manager, NASTAD Haiti and Anna Carroll, Associate, Global Program, NASTAD
Over the past several years NASTAD has worked with the Haitian Ministry of Health (MoH) to establish one of the few functioning HIV/AIDS case based surveillance systems in the developing world. This system, in place since 2008, has significantly strengthened the MoH’s ability to understand and respond to the national epidemic. However, the reporting of infected pregnant women, HIV-exposed infants and confirmed mother-to-child transmission has not always been complete and timely, which has made it difficult for public health officials to respond to the epidemic in this population. Continue reading
By Birhan Mengistu, Senior HIV Mainstreaming Specialist, NASTAD Ethiopia and Anna Carroll, Associate, Global Program, NASTAD
Birhan Mengistu, Senior HIV Mainstreaming Specialist, NASTAD Ethiopia
Every hour, an estimated 50 young women are newly infected with HIV. In many areas of the world, gender inequalities make it especially difficult for women to access HIV prevention, treatment, and care services. Even basic information about HIV is unattainable; UNAIDS estimates that only 38% of young women have accurate, comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS.
This critical issue has not gone unnoticed in Ethiopia, where approximately 380,000 women over the age of 15 are living with HIV (the total population of Ethiopia is over 90 million). In 2009, we at NASTAD Ethiopia began working with the Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office (HAPCO) to identify ways to support this at-risk population. Knowing that our membership of U.S. state AIDS directors had significant experience in delivery to scale of proven effective behavioral interventions targeting high risk populations through the CDC Diffused Evidence Based Interventions (DEBIs), we leveraged their skills and training expertise to modify and adapt selected DEBIs for implementation in Ethiopia. Continue reading
By Lynne Greabell, Director of Member Service and Leadership Development, NASTAD
It is important for health departments that have a significant population of Native Americans to address the risk of HIV, STDs and viral hepatitis among Native transgender people. The risk for HIV infection among Native transgender people is evidenced by the fact that higher percentages of Native American GLBTQ youth report high-risk behavior among all youth, that the impacts of co-occurring factors that contribute to HIV risk such as suicides, substance use/abuse and other STDs are higher among Native Transgender people, and that 75% of HIV infections among Native American men were among men who have sex with men (MSM) in 2011.